Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 26th of April 7 PM (4th Tuesdays now)                               
Denny’s,205 Nugget Ave.(at East McCarran), Sparks

April 22, 23 National Coin Week at the Nevada State Museum lectures and new coins.

April 26 ANA’s “Portraits of Liberty” David Elliott

May 24 Coins of Cyprus David Elliott

June 28 My Favorite Coin and Bourse Night

The Last Meeting
27 members saw Robert Rodriguez’s half dismes and their story. If construction, weather, or the Republican caucus kept you away, Robert will present his program at 1PM both days at the
state museum for National Coin Week
, Rusty King will present 125th NV anniversary medal on 2PM Saturday, then 3PM Sunday, and I will present the ANA theme on Liberty at 3PM on
Saturday and 2PM on Sunday.
National Coin Week at the state museum in Carson City April 22, 23. No coining though. ANA is celebrating Liberty and the 1916 Mercury dime (liberty of
thought originally), standing liberty quarter, and walking liberty half dollar 100th anniversary.
New coins should be here: Gerald Ford dollar and Cumberland Gap quarter. Still a few Free
ANA memberships
with a free digital subscription to the Numismatist magazine. We also offer a small scholarship for the graduating senior off to college who makes a presentation to
the club. The
coin press may be up and running by Summer! Dues will stay at $15, but the badge will cost $10 now. Please wear them if you got them. Star Trek Concert at the Grand Sierra
Sunday May 1. It is the 50th anniversary. Don’t forget to bring something for the Bid Board now every month!









Early Bird Prize was one of the Washington/Lincoln $1 set won by Gerald Breedlove.            Gerald Ford, Code Talkers, and Cumberland Gap are here. 2015 S sets made.

Raffle prizes winners were:
David Elliott: roll of 2009 pennies
Sam Dibitonto: 1986 proof set
Clayton Brownell:
mystery box 2014 proof 64 PCGS dime
Bart Daniels: Eisenhower/Nixon $1 set
Gailen Sendon:2001 proof set, 2016PDS Shawnee .25
Robert Rodriguez: 2015S quarter set, 2014S .25 set
Leo Rossow: 1969 proof set, foreign coins
Milton Angel: 1971D unc. Ike, Mexican 50 pesos, shredded $100 bills
from Federal Reserve
Ken Hopple: chocolate coins
Ed Cranch: ledger of US coins, 2016 NA dollar
Fred Holabird: mint bags

     Auctions
Rick DeAvila won calipers donated by Milton Angel for $11and
2 Aces tickets for $16 donated by David Elliott.
Rick DeAvila won 1907O Barber half for $15, donated by Larry Demangate

Quarter Pot
Cole Allen (not present) won the quarter pot.

I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE WHO DONATES TO THE RAFFLE!

Upcoming Coin Shows

April 22-23, National Coin Week at the Nevada State Museum, 600 N. Carson St., lectures, displays, new coins for sale at cost. David Elliott, 775 815-8625, datbbelliotts@prodigy.net
www.renocoinclub.org

April 22-25, Santa Clara Coin, Stamp, Collectibles Show, SC convention center, 5001 Great America Parkway, Admit:$6,Tables: 79 Scott Griffin, 415 601-8661 scottgriffin@hotmail.com   
www.griffincoin.com

April 29-30, Sacramento Valley Coin Club Show, 4 Points Sheraton Hotel, 4900 Duckhorn Dr., Admit: $3, Tables: 50, Bob Shanks, 916 204-5168 RobertShanks@att.net   www.sacvalcc.org

May 1, Vallejo Numismatic Society Coin Show, Florence Douglas Senior Center, 333 Amador, Admit: FREE, Tables: 40+, Ed Hoffmark, 707 642-8754 Paper4Coin@yahoo.com   www.
solanocoinclub.com

May 13-15, Las Vegas Numismatic Society Coin Show, Riviera Hotel, 2901 Las Vegas Blvd. South, Admit:$3, CK Shows, 888 330-5188 info@ckshows.com   www.ckshows.com

June 5, Sacramento Coin Show, Lion’s Gate Hotel, 3410 Westover St. (McClellan), Admit: $2, Tables: 66, P McIntosh,916 317-9055 peter@mcintoshcoins.com   www.sacromentocoinshow.
com

RCC Officers
David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 677-7057
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Paul Williams…..........Director….......…720-5395
Joe Wozniak.............…Director…......…853-4223
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Shannon Holmes...........Director..............827–4359
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625

datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  www.renocoinclub.org

The RCC Board meets the 4th Tuesday of the month at Denny’s at
6:30 PM. Everyone is invited to attend

The Other Coin: ANA’s Portraits of Liberty: Icon of Freedom  Slide show

The ANA for the second year in a row did not make up a lesson plan for their theme, so I did. The idea of Liberty and how it changed is well illustrated by coins and has a fascinating history.
The Greeks had a negative view of liberty. Classical and pre-classical Greece were about establishing the city state (civis in Latin;
polij in Greek) or civilization and politics. The great fear was
anarchy or tribalism (think Afghanistan), even more so than opposition to tyranny that Athens championed. The goddess Liberty
(Eleuqeria) was associated with Artemis, goddess of the
wilderness, the untamed and Dionysus, the god of wine and ecstasy, free love, eating raw flesh, and cannibalism, the very opposite of civilization. Artemis on a coin of Perga, Pamphylia 250BC,
and Dionysus from Naxos, Sicily, 530BC.






















Liberty was also a tradition in the Olympics, a time free from tribal and city-state strife, a time of peace, the equal citizenship of all competitors despite tribe or class (You had to be Greek.). The
events were mostly in the nude, the whole event was a big party, winners were supported for life by their home towns, and men competed to have their wives impregnated by the Olympian.
Coins were produced at Olympia in Elis, and also by the winners home town. The temples of Zeus and Hera at Olympia produced coins with Zeus, Hera, Zeus’ eagle or here Nike (c.460BC),
towns produced the winner in his sport, wrestlers from Aspendos, Pamphylia (c.330 BC), and the equestrian relay race from Tarentum, Calabria (c.280BC).  














The most famous coins, for several reasons, are the coins by Phillip II, father of Alexander the Great, commemorating his victories in the horse and chariot races. The bronze coin is one of the
most common Greek coins and can be found in very fine for under $20.

















The Romans ideas of Liberty identified Eleutheria with Liber and Libertas, Liber with Bacchus or Dionysus and Libertas with Diana or Artemis. They changed the idea of liberty being found in a
city-state to being found in law. In fact, the pileus (pointed hat) held in Libertas hands is from the ceremony of freeing slaves, who were now subject to and protected by the law for citizens.
Citizenship would gradually be extended to all free people, and the Roman continued the distrust of tyrants found in the democratic mob, oligarchies, and Greek kings. The emperor remained a
first citizen, chief priest, elected consul or imperator through Byzantine times, at least in theory. Liberty also came to mean in the Later Roman Empire freedom from outside attack, a public













liberty from Rome’s enemies. Liberty also meant food and money from the government. Alexander Severus (222-235AD) depicts Libertas with a paddle used to distributed money to the crowds
and a cornucopia referring to the food dole. Constantine the Great depicts Libertas Publica for a series of naval victories on the Danube, securing Rome’s borders.


















In medieval times, under the impact of Christianity, Libertas was inverted from the original Greek idea, equating lack of political and social restraint found in gods of wine and wilderness as sin.
Liberty became freedom from sin or virtue, an idea borrowed from Socrates, Plato, and the Stoics. Liberty also meant freedom for a group (ekklesia) to make their own laws apart from
emperor, bishop, or king. The group, freely chosen, made the laws for the individual. Making laws for oneself was sin. Virtue was achieved by good habits from good choices guided by family,
elders, and society. “The pursuit of happiness” in the Declaration of Independence meant the pursuit of virtue, not “Party on!” as it might have for the Greeks and Romans. Most medieval coins
from Christian symbols of the cross, but the medieval coins of the Crusaders and badges or medals of the pilgrims were displays of the pursuit of virtue as were the coins of a Holy Year issued
by the pope to celebrate particular virtues and remissions of sins.

















Above is the crusader Pierre de Corneillan (1334-1355 AD) praying with crusader’s vestments before a cross, and 15th century pilgrims badge with Madonna and child and St. Peter in a boat.
These badges were sold as souvenirs at the place of pilgrimage. Pius XII Holy or Jubilee year in 1950, they began in 1300, with the doors of heaven open on reverse. That year was dedicated to
peace, safety of holy places, prayers for unbelievers and social justice.
Noting one was a free city in ancient Greece and Rome is found on many coins usually meaning the local rulers had a right to mint their own coins, raise their own taxes and make their own
laws. Below is a coin of Laodice ad Mare in Syria with Tyche and a seated Zeus. The inscription reads: Laodice the holy and autonomous with the date KA equal to 57BC. Medieval cities also















noted their status of freedom from emperor, king, or bishop and often insisted they owed their allegiance to God alone. Ravensburg on the left attributes its free city status
to glory is God’s
alone
, and Venice declares all praise and honor is Yours and to Thee, O Christ is dedicated the duchy, which Thou rulest.














When we get to American coins, Liberty retains some of the wild and free Artemis in her hair or as a Native American. Freedom from slavery and tyrants, now meaning all monarchs, is
represented in her pileus hat. Liberty mostly took on the Christian notions of the pursuit of virtue under just laws (a Roman idea) chosen by the people (a Greek idea). Of course, this is all
possible because, “In God we trust.” This is nicely summed up in a 19th cartoon “Justice recording the Voice of the People guided by Light, Liberty, and Truth.”
Republican Education and
Universal Humanity are what is being recorded.



























                                                                                                                                                  Numismatically yours, David Elliott
Numismatic Potpourri
A bill to have commemorative coins for the 50th anniversary of the moon landing for 2019 is stalled in congress. Write or call your congressman and senator. If no bill is passed this
year the project dies
. The United States Mint published images of the 2016-W Mercury dime centennial 1/10 Ounce gold coin. The agency also unveiled the coin’s mintage of 125,000 and
its household ordering limit of 10 coins. Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the silver 1916 Mercury dime and featuring Adolph A. Weinman’s original Winged Liberty design, the centennial 24-
karat gold coin will launch at noon Eastern Time on April 21. Cook Island is coming out with a
“World of Hunting” series starting with the moose in a combination of high relief and color.
Canada has a radiant rainbow coin.

















Germany has figured out how to put a polymer ring in a planchette. This will prevent counterfeiting both as a difficult process and any trace element can be put in the polymer. San
Francisco mint has tripled its packing speeds to 1800 per hour with robots
. At $15 per hour minimum wage, robots will be doing most everything in CA soon. After a court battle with the
federal
government, which claimed ownership of the 1974D aluminum one-cent piece, the discoverers, ultimately, settled for donating it to US Mint in Denver. The coin valued up to $1
million dollars was likely taken by the discoverer’s father, who had been a deputy director until his retirement in 1979.




























The
Betty Ford reverse depicts a young woman ascending a stairs, representing Betty Ford’s advocacy regarding addiction, breast cancer awareness, and the rights of women.  More than 80
thousand of the National Parks coins have sold
. I didn’t like the series and now I realized the gold coin price can fluctuate on a weekly basis. The last 3 presidential dollar coin set is out
with 6 coins in the set. $14.95.
Luxembourg is coming out with a curved square coin.



















And we have
Donald Trump coins. Gold, silver and copper medals with Trump have been created by Bernard von NotHaus. On the reverse is the Torch of Liberty. So as not to be confused
with money the pieces feature the inscription, “Free Speech For Political Purpose Not To Be Used As Currency Money” and MSRP on the torch side. Von NotHaus was convicted of
counterfeiting in federal district court in 2011. Want one: www.trumpdollar.us (888) 542-3655.


















The
best known 1794 US dollar is ending a tour of Europe in London. Sold for $10 million in 2013.                                        
April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
June2011-Notgeld
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
July2012-CarsonCoinPress
Aug2012-CanadianCoins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Jan2013-Counterfeit
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
April2013-NCW2013buffalos
May2013-Elymais Coins
June2013-Philoktetes
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 852-8822
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
SF set of all five 2013, 2014, 2015 quarters in case $5
National Park Quarters  PDS .50        
Presidential, Native American  D P $1.25
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
205 Nugget Ave. Sparks, NV
by Holiday Inn, across Hwy 80 from
Western Village
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
June2015-CCAC
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Nov2015-HolyRomanEmperors
Dec2015-3 Wiseman
Jan2016-N.Black Sea coins
Feb2016-Rape of Persephone
Claudius titles:
Augustus: venerable
Pontifex Maximus: chief priest
TRP:Tribune elected tribune by the lower classes (non-senatorial)
IMP II:  elected consul with military  authority for second year,
an imperator or emperor
March2016-Coins at NY museums