Reno Cartwheel
August 2010

Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 3rd of August 7:30 p.m.
Carrow’s Restaurant
605 N. Wells Avenue, Reno, NV  

August No scheduled topic.

At The Last Meeting
28 members were in attendance in July to hear Robert  Vugteveen, Special Projects manager of
North-West Territories Mint  present the history of Medallic Arts and the North-West Territorial
Mint, the oldest continuously operating mint in America. He brought one of the medals from the
movie “The Medal Maker,” which was shown in the club a few years ago.

Please let one of the board members know of a topic you would like to do or have presented.
Someone in the club knows all.

Early Bird Prize was won by Art Bonnell: 76 Bicentennial silver set

Raffle prizes winners were:
Rick De Avila: American Series, Americas Favorite coins, America Obsolete coins,  world coin book
Ken Hopple: 2009 pennies
Art Bonnel: Silver half
(mystery box)
Howard Buchler: Liberty nickel collection, 1992 Canadian mint set
Phil Shalitt: WWII Philippines coins set, Andrew    Jackson peace medal
Jerry Breedlove: buffalo nickels, 1940 nickel, 1849 medallion
Karen Sanguinetti: NV Pony express medal,  buffalo nickels, LA birthday dollars
Mark Gregory Bicentennial coins
Rusty King: 3 Ike dollars, one more, James   Buchanan medal
David Elliott: Mercury dime
Duke Morin: mercury dimes, coin book
Larry Demangate: Morgan albums
Jack Gruhler: 2 proof quarters
B. Gregory coin set
Keith Gregory: 1943 steel pennies set
Katie Gregory: Peace medal
Dan Trabke: Coins of Ireland
Paul van Sikke: 1999 quarters
Doug Cummings: Mexican type set

Chuck Huston (not present) won
quarter pot

I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE WHO DONATES TO THE RAFFLE!

         
  Auctions
Doug Cummings  won 1989 silver Maple leaf $25 donated by Rusty King
Gerald Breedlove  won 2005 S clad dime for $20 donated by Larry Demangate

Upcoming Coin Shows

July 31-Aug.1, 2010
VALLEJO ~ Nor-Cal IX Coin Show, Elk’s Lodge #559, 2800 Redwood Parkway, Bourse: Harry
Davis, 2900 Georgia, Vallejo, CA 94591
(707) 642-0216,  EMPERORI@juno.com.

August 15, 2010
Fairfield ~ Fairfield Coin Club Show, Fairfield Community Center, 1000 East Kentucky, Robert
Belleau, (707) 644-6232

August 21-22
Fremont ~ Fremont Coin Club, Elk’s Hall, 38991 Farwell Dr. Bourse: Vince LaCariere, P.O. Box 994
Fremont, CA 94536 ~ (510) 792-1511.

August 27-28
Carson City Mint Coin Show, Friday and Saturday, 8:30am-4:30pm, Nevada State Museum
Admission $8, under 17 and Museum members free
30 dealers, gold panning, kids activities
Contact Deborah 775/687-4810 ext.237  

October 30-31
The Reno Coin Club Coin Show, Saturday 9-6 and Sunday 9-4 at the Holiday Inn, 55 Nugget Ave.  
Admission $2, under 12 free.  Call Duke Morin for more information 775 741-0960.

March 17-19
ANA National Money Show, Sacramento Convention Center

RCC Officers
Doug Larson…. President……843-0162
Karen Sanguinetti..Vice Pres...857-4508
Ralph Marrone..Treasurer.……882-6741
Shannon Holmes ..Secretary….827-4359
Dan Waterman….Director……747-4380
Ed Waselewski…Director……354-0287
Gerald Breedlove….Director...425-2967
Duke Morin……….Director…856-4935
Paul Williams…ANA Rep...…720-5395
David Elliott........Editor...........815-8625
 datbbelliotts@prodigy.net

The RCC Board meets the third Tuesday of the month at the Carrow’s at 7:30PM. All members are
invited to attend.

A Cigar Box of Coins: Remainders
1921 $1 xf $20, 1921 $1 vf $18, 1844O ½ dollar G4 $20, 1855O ½ dollar  G8 $25, 1899 .25 fine
$8, 1914 .25 good $4, 1853 ½ dime fine $20, 1913D nickel vf w/verdigris $12, 1868 3 cent, loop
soldered on it, fine $15, 1864 2 cent, fine, hole, $15, Mexico, 50 centavos 1878 Zacatecas, fine, $12
PLEASE MAKE AN OFFER. David Elliott, 815-8625

The Other Coin: Coins of Bulgaria
Bulgaria has a long numismatic history and coins from all ages are flooding the market since Bulgaria
gained its independence in 1989. The Thracians lived in parts of what is now Bulgaria as early as the
late Bronze Age and minted coins as early as 450BC at Abdera and Maroneia.




AE, Maroneia, 3rd BC



North of Macedonia, the Thracian kingdoms were a series of petty states, first independent, then
becoming part of greater Macedonia under Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. In the struggle
after Alexander’s death, Lysimachos, head of Alexander’s bodygard created a new Thracian
Kingdom that survived until defeated by Antigonos, another Alexandrine generals when both were in
their 80s.











        AR tetradrachm, Lysimachos, Alexander, Athena enthroned holding Nike

In 29BC the Romans conquered Bulgaria. They also built Serdica and established a major mint there
with neighboring mints in Sirmium, Sisica, and Thess-alonica, which were sometimes occupied by a
greater Bulgaria. Serdica, now Sophia remained Roman until 809AD.










                  AR antonianus, Aurelian, S-Serdica mint

In 680 the Bulgars invaded led by their ruler Khan Asparukh, a descendant of the Huns from Central
Asia. They conquered, then intermarried with the native Slavs. By 809 Khan Krum gained
independence from the Byzantine Empire. In 811 the Byzantine Emperor, Nikephorus was killed in
battle, and Krum had his skull covered in silver for a drinking cup. In 971 the Byzantines took the
capital Preslav along with a large part of eastern Bulgaria. Finally, in 1014 Basil II captured 15,000
Bulgars soldiers and blinded 99 out of every 100 men 99 with one left with one eye to lead the others
home. In 1018 Bulgaria became part of the Byzantine Empire again.











                         AV solidus, Nikephorus, Stauricus









AE follis, Basil II stands, sons to l. and r. “Basil, Cons(stantine) and Leo by God King of the Romans”


The Byzantines ruled Bulgaria until 1185. Then heavy taxation proovoed a rebellion. A new Bulgarian
kingdom was founded with its capital at Turnovo. In 1202 the Byzantines accepted the situation and
made peace. Then in 1204 the Crusaders captured Constantinople. The Crusaders claimed that the
Bulgars were their vassals however the Bulgars defeated them in battle. The second Bulgarian
kingdom remained until finally conquered by the Ottomans in 1422 and minted coins imitating
Byzantine coins, including the cup shaped trachies        









             AR grosh, Ivan Alexander, Christ, Ivan and Michael III 1341-1371AD










                          AE trachy, Ivan and Michael III, city wall 1341-71

The Bulgarians stubbornly maintained the Orthodox Christianity and often rebelled only to suffer
atrocious reprisal from the Muslims. The jihad raised in Bulgaria became known as the “Bulgarian
horrors” aroused all of Europe as Bulgarians were massacred by the Ottomans before the first war
correspondents and photo journalists. Male children were impressed into the Janissaries, babies
impaled on bayonets, women raped, and whole villages destroyed, leaving mounds of skulls.












                          AV 100 kurush, Sultan Abd al-Aziz, 1861-1876

Russia took up the cause of defending their fellow Orthodox Slav brethren; and, in April 1877 Russia
declared war on Turkey, capturing Sofia in 1878. An independent Bulgaria was established, but fell
afoul of big power politics and had to fight for their independence. In 1908, Prince Ferdinand
announced the complete independence of Bulgaria, becoming King Ferdinand of Bulgaria.










                                   AR 5 leva, King Ferdinand

During the First World War, Germany persuaded Bulgaria to join its side promising territory as a
reward. When the Second World War began in 1939 King Boris agreed to allow German troops to
pass through Bulgaria on their way to Greece. However although some anti-Semitic laws were
passed in Bulgaria the Bulgarian Jews were not deported to concentration camps. King Boris died in
August 1943.









AR 100 leva, King Boris III


On 8 September 1944 Russian troops entered Bulgaria, and Bulgaria remained a Soviet satellite until
1991. Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007. Bulgarian euros are expected in 2013 or
2014.



          Soviet era coins






                                             










Modern coins, featuring Krum and St. Ivan



Metal Detectorist Finds Hoard of 52,000 Roman Coins Worth over $5 Million!













The hoard of more than 52,000 coins dating from the 3rd Century AD was found buried in a field in
Somerset, England. The coins were found in a huge jar just over a foot (30cm) below the surface by
Dave Crisp, from Devizes in Wiltshire. Mr Crisp reported the find to the authorities, allowing
archaeologists to excavate the site. The coins were all contained in a single clay pot. Although it only
measured 18in (45cm) across, the coins were packed inside and would have weighed an estimated
160kg (350lb).
Somerset County Council Heritage Service now hope the coroner will declare the find as treasure.
That would allow the Museum of Somerset to acquire the coins at market value with the reward
shared by Mr Crisp and the land owner.