Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 22nd of November 7 PM (4th Tuesdays now)                               
Denny’s,205 Nugget Ave.(at East McCarran), Sparks

October 28-29 Dollar Exchange at NV State Museum. Press is running, It’s the 75th anniversary of the Museum and NV Day!. Please join us.

November 22 Coins: The Beginning David Elliott

December 27 Minibourse, Nominations

January 23 Dinner, Election, and Movie

The Last Meeting
25 members were wowed by the Joe Dimaggio autograph ball Rusty brought that he got when he was in junior high. A lot of other people were watching the world series, I guess. Ken and
I saw hundreds of people and kids on NV Day
and for the 75th anniversary of the museum. A new medal was struck with the museum, mammoth and basket (see below). Milton Angel and
Jerry Breedlove helped man the table and several other members visited. We all got 75th anniversary cake. There was even a brass band. 600 pencils and rulers with magnifying glass went fast,
and we were able to give class sets to four teachers as well (pictures below).
Please bring me your club envelope as I would like the cancelled US Star Trek stamp I especially need the
red and green ones.
 I have just a few Reagan dollars, no rolls, but still got Johnson, Ford, NA, and Nixon dollars. Fort Moultrie park .25 is out November 14, so iffy if available for November
club meeting. Will try.
Bring up to 5 coins for the bid board now. We will have board meetings before regular meeting and vigorously tell people to be quiet so we can conduct
business
. Contact me about  concerns or suggestions 815-8625 or datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  New member Charles Smith makes rings out of coins to order. See them at coinbender.com
Ordered a copper coin club ring for myself for $30. Should have it for November club meeting. Finished the 1784 German book on US revolution. It was great!









Early Bird Prize was set of 2012 Native American dollars won by Laurel Hoggah              Teddy Roosevelt Park, Reagan dollar, and Code Talkers are here. 2015 S sets made.

Raffle prizes winners were:

Gary Meckler: set 2013 NA dollars, 1965 mint set,
1927 standing liberty .25
Bart Daniels: 2014S .25 set
Ken Hopple: chocolate coins, 1984 mint set, Mercury .10,
Tom Charleton: 2004 proof .05 mystery box, WWII nickel set
Milton Angel: 1945 .50, 2016 .01 and blank
McKayla Barton: 2009 penny set
Charles Benyak 2015 .25 set, copper RCC medal, key chain and magnet
Rose Moratti prsidential dollar
Jerry Breedlove 1926S .01, coin holders
David Elliott: Jefferson .05 album with some .05
Christine Barton: set of blue books
Gary Dahlke: mint bags

  Auctions
Gary Dahlke won 1784 US history book donated by Robert Rodriguez for $22
Rick DeAvila won silver eagle donated by Larry Demangate for $20

Quarter Pot
Clayton Brownell (not present) won the quarter pot.                           

I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE WHO DONATES TO THE RAFFLE! (
Fred Holabird donated a number of books and coin boxes coming to the raffle soon.)

Upcoming Coin Shows

November 19-20, Marin County Coin Show, 4 Points Sheraton Hotel, 1010 Northgate Dr.,San Rafael Admit:$4,Tables: 28, Scott Griffin, 415 601-8661 scott@griffincoin.com  
www.griffincoin.com

December 2-4, Las Vegas Coin, Currency Stamp Show, Gold Coast Hotel, Admit:?, Tables: ?, Israel Bick, 818 997-6496 iibick@sbcglobal,net   

December 4, Sacramento Coin Show, Lions Gate Hotel, 3410 Westover St., Admit:$2,Tables: 66, Peter McIntosh, 916 317-9055 peter@mcintoshcoins.com   www.sacramentocoinshow.com  

December 9-11, Las Vegas Numismatic Society Coin Show, Westgate Resorts and Hotel, 3000 Paradise Road, Admit:?, Tables: ?, CK Shows, 888 330-5188 info@ckshows.com   www.
ckshows.com

RCC Officers

David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 677-7057
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Paul Williams…..........Director….......…720-5395
Joe Wozniak.............…Director…......…853-4223
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Shannon Holmes...........Director..............827–4359
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625

datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  www.renocoinclub.org

The Other Coin: The Beginning

The center of the display case of ancient coins I take to the museum has a selection of shells and cast coins made before the Lydians learned how to purify gold and silver and make
round coins in descending denominations. I also show the stages of manufacturing ancient coins. Recreation of Sardis refining process: production of foils (lower left), cementation in



































ovens and cooking pots with salt and urine to separate gold from silver (top), and cupellation, separating silver from other metals at very high temperatures in the ground aided by
bellows (1100 degrees centigrade, bottom) . Denomination of gold and silver in base 12 with ½, 1/3,1/6, 1/24, 1/48,1/96.
Before metal was used for coins, shells were used for small change and strung together for larger denomination; at least, since Sumerian times, 6000 BC. The favorite shell was the
cowrie that came in different sizes and was made from clay, bone and cast bronze as well. Gold and silver was traded as currency in the form of jewelry, but also as lumps, wire, and
bars of metal (see 1200BC Egyptian hoard with mina bar below). The bars were called minas or talents, other denomination like the sheqel, stater, or karsa were measures of weight.
The hoard of silver from the time of Abraham (c.1700BC) in pot below would have been weighed by scales as so much sheqel or talent weight. This is why there are so many verses
about honest weights and measures in the Bible.
Abraham weighed out for Ephron the silver that he had named in the hearing of the Hittites, four hundred shekels of silver,
according to the weights current among the merchants
. (Genesis 23:16)














The early Romans had little access to gold and silver, so when the Greeks in Sicily and southern Italy were making masterpieces of coinage in all metals, the Romans made lumps and
bars of bronze for currency from the 8th to 4th BC called
Aes rude and then cast in shapes Aes formatum from 5th to 3rd BC like a scallop shell or with images on rounds and bars
Aes signatum from the 4th to 3rd BC














Roman coinage recapitulated the evolution of coinage in several societies going from shells (cattle in the case of Romans) to lumps of metal to molded metals. Celts created shapes of
wheels, beads, rings, and bells; Greeks created arrowheads and dolphins; and the Chinese created cast metal cowries, fish, bells, knives and hoes among other shapes before the cash
coin with a square center. Some shaped coins were used as higher denominations, all with holes for stringing together.















The Lydians began minting purified gold and silver coins by weighing out lumps of metal and then using a hammer to smash the lump into an image engraved in an anvil. The Greeks and
Persians added an image to the hammer and struck planchettes made in molds, so a nicer, flatter, more uniform coin was produced with two images instead of an image and a punch
mark. Coins as we know them flooded the world and greatly increased trade and convenience. We have the ancient coins because there were no banks, so the coins were hidden in
pots in the ground that are now dug up.

















Numismatically yours, David Elliott

Numismatic Potpourri

Nevada Day was spectacular with the press running and minting a new medal (state seal on the reverse), 75th anniversary of the museum with cake and new things to give away. Hundreds of
adults and children were there.

























Elsewhere, coins have gone crazy. Canada not satisfied with glass beads on everything is now putting sculptures on a set of wildlife coins and not to be beat Nieu made
volcano coins
with a ball of lava or shaped as Mount Vesuvius with engraved Pompeian artwork.













Austria is content with a glow in the dark bat coin for its new animal series. We are making sensible coins like the one for Boys Town, the ATB quarters, and the 2017 and
2018













NA  dollars.










Jeff Shevlin sold 1 of 9 gold Eire Canal medals for $135,000. I remember when he brought in a silver one. England is commemorating the Battle of Hastings in gold and
silver.
April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
June2011-Notgeld
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
July2012-CarsonCoinPress
Aug2012-CanadianCoins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Jan2013-Counterfeit
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
April2013-NCW2013buffalos
May2013-Elymais Coins
June2013-Philoktetes
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 851-1859
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
SF set of all five 2013, 2014, 2015 quarters in case $5
National Park Quarters  PDS .50        
Presidential, Native American  D P $1.25
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
205 Nugget Ave. Sparks, NV
by Holiday Inn, across Hwy 80 from
Western Village
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
June2015-CCAC
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Nov2015-HolyRomanEmperors
Dec2015-3 Wiseman
Jan2016-N.Black Sea coins
Feb2016-Rape of Persephone
March2016-Coins at NY museums
April2016-Liberty on coins
May2016-Cyprus Coins
June 2016-Olympia bronze
July 2016-Medals
August2016-Anaheim World Fair
of Money review
Sept2016-Treasures found
at World Fair of Money
Oct2016-Presidential dollars
Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 6th of August 7:30 PM
Carrow’s Restaurant
605 N. Wells Avenue (Wells and 6th), Reno, NV

August 6: Currency AJ Jacobs, our resident expert, presents topics on US & foreign currency.

August 23-24th: Coin Show and Educational Program at Nevada State Museum, 9:30-4:30, $4 admission. Ken and I will be at the museum with new coins and displays. A series of
numismatic lectures will be held at the museum both days. 26 dealers will be across the street at the Nuggett. $4 admission 17 and under free, Fri, Sat, 9:30-4. Info: Deborah Stevenson: 775 687-
4810 ext. 237, dstevenson@nevadaculture.org  

September: Auction! Bring coins to auction, 10% to club. We need to raise money for our new coin medal.

At The Last Meeting
22 members got to view Doug Larson’s extensive collection of World War II, which included all branches of service, German, Russian, Britain medals and an album of autographs from half of
all Medal of Honor winners. In other news, Roger Vugteveen is back at Medallic Arts in Dayton and will be making a presentation at the museum in August and for us in the Fall. If there is
interest we will arrange a tour. The oldest private mint has an incredible coin cabinet and makes coins and US military medals from melting metal, making blanks to various finishes. It is a
fascinating process to see. Howard Taft dollars just came in, and I put in a double order of Great Basin quarters in rolls and bags, so get yours while they last. I am pursuing having a Great Basin
medal to go with the quarter and also writing and speaking to members of our Congressional delegation about having the US mint make a 150th NV statehood medal. Please take the time to
contact them bu e-mail, mail, or phone, They will all be home for August recess. Also please consider making donation to help pay for our 30th anniversary medal in 2014.2nd of November 7 PM










Early Bird Prize won by Bart Daniels was a 1976 uncirculated Kennedy half.

Raffle prizes winners were:
Garrett Allen : ½ ou silver Olympic stamp, roll of Canadian pennies, Liberty head copper round, chocalate coins, mint bag
Andre Azzam: 1964 quarter                        
Laurel Hoggan: roll 2009 pennies in Mystery box , 1980 proof set, grading us coins book
Larry Demangate: lighted magnifier
Ed Waslewski: 1969 proof set
Rick DeAvila: 1976 unc. ½, 1937 buffalo nickel, bad of coin holders
Bart Daniels: 2012S quarters, Hearst castle coin
Gerry Breedlove: 1935,1957 silver certificates
David Elliott: 1 oz copper Morgan
Dan Trabke: full date buff nickel

Quarter Pot
Ken Hopple (not present) won the quarter pot about $7!

                                
Auction
Andre Assam won 1964 Kennedy half for $7 donated Doug Cummings
Rick De Avila won a roll of 1948l half for $15 donated by Larry Demangate

I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE WHO DONATES TO THE RAFFLE!

Upcoming Coin Shows

July 27-28 Fremont Coin Club Coin Show, Elk’s Hall, 38991 Farwell Drive. Bourse: Vince Lacariere, 510 792-1511
August 11 Fairfield Coin Club Show, Fairfield Community Center, 1000 East Kentucky. Bourse: Robert Belleau, 707 644-6232
August 23-24th: Coin Show and Educational Program at Nevada State Museum, 9:30-4:30, $4 admission. Ken and I  with new coins and displays. Lectures at the museum both days. 26 dealers
across the street at the Nuggett. $4 admission 17 and under free, Fri, Sat, 9:30-4. Info: Deborah Stevenson: 775 687-4810 ext. 237, dstevenson@nevadaculture.org  
August 30-Sept1Coin,Currency , Stamp Show, Circus Circus Las Vegas. Bourse: Israel Bick, 818 997-6496, iibick@sbcglobal.net

RCC Officers
David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 673-6745
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Dan Waterman…..........Director…......…747-4380
Ed Waselewski.........…Director…......…354-0287
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Bob Wagner..................Director..............3781022
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625

datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  www.renocoinclub.org

The RCC Board meets the 3rd  Tuesday of the month at Carrow’s at 7:30PM. Everyone is invited to attend.
If there is a topic you would like to see please let a board member know.
Someone in the club knows all

The Other Coin: Adventus Aug Constantine the Great

 I recently got one of the 6 remaining bronze coins of Constantine the Great that I do not have from an internet acquaintance.




















It is a remarkable coin with a helmeted, cuirassed Constantine as emperor (Augustus) bearing a shield and spear. The reverse shows Constantine mounted on a horse in consular robes
(toga)with spear. The horse is pawing a captive and there is a star behind. The mint mark PLN which stands for Pecunia Londinium, “Money of London.”
   The legend Adventus Aug means “the arrival of the Augustus”or emperor. These coins were only minted to commemorate the official visit of the emperor to the city where the coin
was minted. Gold and bronze (plated with silver) coins were minted with gold going to reward high officials and the silvered bronzes tossed to the welcoming throngs. There were not
any gold coins minted in London during Constantine’s reign, probably because Britain was Constantine’s “home base” where he was proclaimed emperor after this father’s death by
the troops. He remained Britain’s ruler and no appointed governor or general ruled there.
   With all this in mind it is possible to determine when it is likely that Constantine visited England, since his life is unusually well documented by contemporaries. It is most likely that he
visited London in 312-314 probably between April and October 314. This would be after his victory at the Milvian Bridge where he defeated Maxentius and before his defeat of
Licinius to unite the Roman Empire. The captive before the horse must be Maxentius or a representation of his defeated army. This is further confirmed by the star behind the horse.     
Before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine had his famous vision of the cross. Only contemporary Roman pagan historians say he saw a star. In either case his banners bore
the Chi-Rho XP he first too letters of Christ in Greek as we can see on his coin commemorating the event.


























 The Chi-Rho is a type of cross as can be seen on Roman shields and monuments, but also has the graphic ambiguity(depending on how small you make the loop of the P or Rho
(notice how small it is above) of being a star *, which has the fortune to be the symbol of Mithras, the Sun god and most popular god of the Roman soldier, especially among the
Western troops that made up the majority of his army. In fact, if you compressed the loop on the X-P as you see on the coin above it looks remarkably like Mithras whip as you see in
coin of Constantine in Mithra’s (Sol’s) left hand.

Numismatically yours, David Elliott

Baseball Coin Again

 Evidently the design committee for next year’s baseball coin messed up and had to include 10 more coins among the finalists for the reverse. The obverse will be one of the two below:
The coin will be curved or concave and in $5 gold, $1 silver, and silver plated half. I still think it will be cool.




































Fake CC Boxed Dollars Out There

   A fake 1881-CC Morgan dollar housed in an equally fake General Services Administration holder was identified July 13 at the Florida United Numismatists convention in Orlando,
Fla., by Randy Campbell, senior grader of Independent Coin Grading. From 1972-1980 GSA sold almost three million uncirculated Carson City silver dollars left in Treasury vaults.
Each coin was sealed in a special slab-like plastic case. A thin black and silver cardboard box held the slab and contained a numbered certificate. Campbell said he noticed the coin
was cleaned and had the color of a dollar minted at Philadelphia rather than Carson City. Genuine uncirculated GSA coins are not cleaned. After a short examination, Campbell
discovered that the 1881-CC coin was a modern counterfeit probably made in China. Moments later, Campbell announced that the entire “package” was bad  The coin was
counterfeit, the black insert surrounding the coin was counterfeit and the plastic case was not original.
   The Chinese fake mint make is very different. See genuine figure 2 and fake figure 3. The CCs are very different. The silver lettering was printed on the case and thus smooth as you
see in the real figure 4 whereas the printing on the granular service of the paper gives a mottled appearance as you see in fake figure 5. The plastic case was also modern and not
permanently sealed. Also the insert paper was smooth not granular as the genuine coin packaging.
   Chinese counterfeits can be very deceptive. Their laws allow them to make any copy of anything made before 1949.

Dollar Bill vs. Dollar Coin
   The battle rages with competing bills (something else you could write Congress about) for ending the dollar bill vs. ending the dollar coin. All the facts are on the Republican side.
Switching to the dollar coin could save taxpayers at least $4.4 billion over the next 30 years. Coins are made from 100% recyclable scrap metal and lasts for decades. Paper bills last
2-3 years in circulation and approximately 7 million pounds of waste are created from about 3.2 billion $1 bills that must be removed from circulation each year. There’s the facts, but
the Democrats see the paper dollar as part of their patronage program for Massa-chusetts that produces the ink and paper for bills. Metals come from mines most in the West and
Republican. It is time for the dollar bill to go and the dollar coin to be put in its place. Here’s the website with all the facts: http://www.dollarcoinalliance.org
April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
June2011-Notgeld
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
July2012-CarsonCoinPress
Aug2012-CanadianCoins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Jan2013-Counterfeit
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
April2013-NCW2013buffalos
May2013-Elymais Coins
June2013-Philoktetes
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 851-1859
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
Great Basin roll $17, set PDS $50
National Park Quarters    P or D or S .50        
T. Roosevelt   D or P $1.25, $30 a roll
Native American 2013  D P $1.25, $30 a roll
2012S quarter in case $5
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
June2015-CCAC
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Nov2015-HolyRomanEmperors
Dec2015-3 Wiseman
Jan2016-N.Black Sea coins
Feb2016-Rape of Persephone
March2016-Coins at NY museums
April2016-Liberty on coins
May2016-Cyprus Coins
June 2016-Olympia bronze
July 2016-Medals
August2016-Anaheim World Fair
of Money review
Sept2016-Treasures found
at World Fair of Money
Oct2016-Presidential dollars