Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 28th of February 7 PM (4th Tuesdays now)                               
Denny’s,205 Nugget Ave.(at East McCarran), Sparks

February 28 Presidential Memorabilia, Medals and Coins with Doug Larson. Bring and share your memorabilia with Doug.

March 28
Russian Coins David Elliott

April 21-22
National Coin Week at the Museum ANA is celebrating “Conflict and Courage: Money and the Military.”

April 25  
Militaria ANA’s topic of militaria will be done better with Doug Larson.

The Last Meeting
39 people enjoyed dinner and Jeff Shevlin and his ANA presentation on So-called Dollars. The entire board was re-elected by acclamation and Andre Assam won RCC person of his year for
his tireless and very neat secretarial skills. Yay Andre! The rearranged tables for more seating was a hit.
The coin press is down and probably won’t be up until April. We will not go down
again until April then. No volunteer needed in Feb, but thanks for offering.
I ordered NA $1 and Effigy Mounds .25. They are already in the mail. Someone called who found a few more errors
on the website, please keep looking. I think I got them all, but you never know. I hope to audit the list of paid members this month and put last issue notices on the newsletter.  Out of $20 you
get $15 back in January dinner and September ice-cream social, so dues are really $5.
Bring up to 5 coins for the bid board now. We will have board meetings before the regular meeting and
vigorously tell people to be quiet so we can conduct business. Contact me with suggestions, concerns, or topics you would like to see: 815-8625

Early Bird Prize was 2 JFK $1 in holder won by Cole Allen           .                                        2016 S .25 sets available, NA and Effigy Mound Park .25 are in the mail.

Raffle prizes winners were:
Milton Angel: World Coin book, US banknotes book, 1999 .25 mint set
Clayton Brownell: coin book
Rick DeAvila: 2009 penny set, 6 .25 set
Ralph Doucette: steel penny set, 1944 .10
Sam Dibitonto: 4 PCGS boxes, 1986 proof set
Mary Long: 2016S ,25 set
McKayla Barton: 1907 .10
Cole Allen: book on US banknotes, coin book
Christine Barton: Calvin Coolidge $1 set
Charles Benyak: 2014S .25 set
Bart Daniels: 100 2x2 .50, red book
Jeff Allen: bicentennial .50
Ed Scott: 3 casino chips albums
Robert Rodriguez: 2016S .25 set
no mystery box Ken was ill

Paul Williams won 1987 MS69 eagle donated by Larry Demangate for $35
I will be bringing in a set of US dollars for auction

 Quarter Pot
Mike Carolan (not present) won the quarter pot.


Upcoming Coin Shows

February 16-18, Long Beach Coin, Currency, Stamp, Sports Collectibles Show, Long Beach Convention Centre, 100 S. Pine Ave.. Admit:$8, Tables:huge, Taryn Warrecker, 805 680-0294

February 24-25, Redwood Empire Coin Club Show, E L Finley Hall, Sonoma County Fairgrounds, 1350 Bennett Valley Road, Santa Rosa. Admit:$2, Tables: 60 Merle Avila, 707 585-3711 am,
707 824-4811

February 26, Cupertino Coin Club Show, Napredak Hall, 770 Montague,  Expressway, San Jose, Admit:$2, Tables:45, Bruce Braga, 408 839-1883  

RCC Officers
David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 677-7057
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Paul Williams…..........Director….......…720-5395
Joe Wozniak.............…Director…......…853-4223
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Shannon Holmes...........Director..............827–4359
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625
The RCC Board meets the 4th Tuesday of the month at Denny’s at
6:30 PM. Everyone is invited to attend

The Other Coin: Early Russian Coins

My original collecting interests were the Three Romes: Rome, Byzantium, and Russia. I have a fairly complete Russian coin collection from ancient times to the present. Thanks to e-bay and
metal detection, the early coins are more available, cheaper than ever. The earliest Russian coins were minted on the Taman Peninsula in Tmutarakan, which controlled entry into the Azov Sea.
The Byzantine mint of Cherson (now Sebastopol) was across the straits of Azov and  minted coins from 400-1071AD. The first Russian coins minted were Byzantine imitations in design on thin
Arabic flans. The Scandinavian Rus wanted control of trade routes from Scandinavia to the Black Sea to have to access to world trade.
Currency consisted of silver bars called kuna as well as Roman, Arab, and Byzantine coins. Recently converted to Orthodoxy, the Rus princes had nomin-ally united the Russian lands from
Novgorod to the Black Sea and Mstislav (988-1035AD), son of Grand Prince Vladimir and Anastasia, daughter of the Byzantine emperor Constantine IX established Kiev as his capitol. The
Byzantine imitations have on the reverse random letters or simple squares. Russian had also recently become a written language based on Greek letters and several other symbols invented by Cyril
(d.869), an Orthodox missionary. The thin flans followed Arabic coinage and the coins were the size between a quarter and half dollar. Vladimir (978-1015AD) had coins with actual inscriptions
in Russian: “Vladimir is on the throne and this is his silver,” Prince enthroned holding cross, reverse trident symbol of Vladimir. These coins along with a few gold coins are so rare that they are
considered to be medals or presentation pieces. His son’s coins have been found in sufficient quantity to be considered currency. Although Kiev became a city with churches, palaces, and a
significant population, it was sacked by Russian Prince Andrei of Suzdal in 1169 and razed by the Mongol hordes in 1240, transferring the capitol north to Vladimir, then Moscow (c.1380).

Russian nationalists dismiss the coinage of the Mongol Golden Horde as alien and belonging to occupiers; but, in fact, Russian coinage was the coins of the Mongols and continued in circulation
until 1784.  The first coinage of the princes and Grand Prince of All the Russias imitated the Arabic coinage of the Golden Horde. The silver coins have much the same pattern, consisting of a
design with or without an Arabic inscription or prayer and a reverse with name, title, mint, and date of coinage. Coin 5 has a tamgha or design of Batu that looks like the top of a stick figure and
says Khan Mengu-Timur, minted in Krim (Crimea). The reverse has the kalima: there is no god, but god and Mohammed is his prophet and date 665AH or 1266/7 AD. The sixes are backwards 4
and 5 a dot or circle. The date is better seen on 12 top with the backward 4 and upside down V followed by V or 687AH=1287/8 AD and says (Khan) Tula beg, minted Krim. The obverse has a
star and Batu tamgha. Although silver coinage rarely had any figures, the copper coinage often had flowers, animals or even pagan gods on them. The animals are mostly thought to be part of the
Chinese zodiac calendar year of horse, dog, rooster, etc.  So 13th and 14th centuries puls of a lion (anonymous), dog (Abdullah), and flower and double-headed eagle of Janibeg.

The princes and Grand Prince of Russia were essentially the tax collectors of the Golden Horde, and they minted coins in their own name by the mid-14th century to impress their Tartar
overlords with where the money was coming from and in response to a growing economy. The early coins copy Golden Horde inscriptions with varying degrees of fidelity. Dmitri Donskoi
(1359-1389AD), founder of the Muscovite grand princedom has an image of a man holding an ax with a Russian inscription as Grand Prince Dmitri Vasilievich and an Arabic reverse. His son
Basil or Vasili (1389-1425AD) has a mounted knight with falcon and an ersatz Arabic inscription.

As Moscow expanded the varied coinage of Russia was standardized to the Moscow emblem of mounted knight, sometimes slaying a dragon. Coins clockwise are from Novgorod, Pskov,

Tver, and Suzdal. The mounted knight began with the reverse inscription of Grand Prince so-and-so of all the Russias, each prince being or claiming to be a prince of Rus, the Swedish
Varangians or Rurikids that first settled Russia in the 9th century AD. Ivan III (1462-1505AD) used the title czar after marrying the last Byzantine princess Sophia Paleologue, a Russian spelling
of caesar. His grandson Ivan the IV the Terrible, really terrifying, added the title to coins. Below is written czar, grand prince Ivan IV (1533-1584AD). Mint marks of usually of one or  two
letters often appear under the horse. Here, on a coin of Czar Mikhail Feodorovich (Romanov, 1613-1645), Moscow is spelled out MOCKBA. The reverse reads Czar, grand prince Mikhail
Feodorovich of all Russias. The coin type of knight  with various arms and inscription remained constant through Peter the Great (1682-1725AD), who brought European presses and coin types
to Russia. The wire denga was imitated by invaders, contenders, and rebels. Czar Aleksey (1645-1676AD) tried to make a copper coin in place of silver denga and almost lost his throne to
rioters. The coins are plentiful and cheap, usually around $10. The earlier coins and the various coins of the contenders for the throne during the Time of Troubles, 1610-1613 when the throne
eventually passed from the Rurikids to the Romanovs are still less than $100 and becoming more plentiful.
      The wire coins were made from silver wire placed between a wedge shaped anvil die hammered into wood and a shaft die struck by a hammer. Several dies have been found. Aleksey’s
copper denga above and a denga of Peter the Great with letters under the horse signifying the date, reverse reads Czar Peter Alexeivich of all Russias.

                                                                                                                                                                                                               Numismatically yours, David Elliott

Numismatic Potpourri
 Leston Lawrence received 30 months in jail and 190,000 fine in Canadian dollars for stealing gold blanks worth $139,000 from the Canadian mint that he secreted in his rectum.
Speaking of
Canada, they have coins with a cut out moose, diamond dust snow, and a glow in the dark skier. Palau’s gold and silver skull coins sold out. And, if you thought

Trump’s official inaugural medal without his image and the congressional dome was dumb, the Ohio Republican Party and several others have made better medals, or you can wait for the
US Mint’s medals. Continuing the wild and wacky,
Perth mint has put a compass in a coin and Pobjoy has a blue titanium coin to celebrate blue whales. Poland continues minting coins
for Nuie with a matryoshka doll, a happy baby
, and a falcon of Tutankhamun with amber. The Polish mint was recently privatized and has been making the meteorite coins and the Mount
Vesuvius coins depicted in earlier newsletters. The Danish Mint has closed with further coin production being made in Finland now.
Canada is celebrating the demise of the penny with
silver coins with rose gold accents in a 5 coin set.
April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
May2013-Elymais Coins
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 852-8822
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
SS set of all five 2013-2016 quarters in case $5
National Park Quarters  PDS .50        
Presidential, Native American $1 D P $1.25
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
205 Nugget Ave. Sparks, NV
by Holiday Inn, across Hwy 80 from
Western Village
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Dec2015-3 Wiseman
Jan2016-N.Black Sea coins