Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 26th of January 7 PM (4th Tuesdays now)                               
Denny’s,205 Nugget Ave.(at East McCarran), Sparks

January 26 Dinner, Awards and Elections!
Rusty King will lead a discussion on the future of the coin and bullion markets in 2016.

February 23
Presidential Coins

March 22 Coins of Cyprus David Elliott

April 26 ANA’s “Portraits of Liberty”

The Last Meeting
25 members bought and sold coins. I finally got a Carson City silver dollar! January means dues are due, but also I have to get the NA (Jan 27, code talkers) and presidential dollar (Nixon,
Feb. 3) and first quarter (Feb. 1,Shawnee) of 2016. With missing the coin show in August due to illness and the press down we may not be going down to the museum until National Coin Week.
I need to sell some of the quarters and dollars I have to pay for the first batch of 2016. Please buy them at the dinner in January. I still have Free ANA memberships with a free
digital subscription to the
Numismatist magazine. They now have all the back issues on line, blogs, ask the curator site, and more. The ANA is also continuing its coins for A’s, 3 or more A’s
earn a coin. We also offer a
small scholarship for the graduating senior off to college who makes a presentation to the club. The coin press is being repaired in Gardnerville, maybe up and
running by end of January.
Don’t forget to bring something for the Bid Board now every month!

Early Bird Prize was the two Roosevelts dollars won by Paul Williams.            .            Saratoga .25 , NA $1, Johnson $1 here. 2015 S sets made.

Raffle prizes winners were:
Leo Rossow: 1967 special mint set, 1974 proof set
Rick De Avila: 1996 proof set, coin loop, 1971D unc. Ike,
Gary Meckler: John and John Q. Adams dollars, 2015S    .25 set
Cole Allen: RCC brass medal
Claude Sendon: 2007 proof presidential set, coin holders
Bart Daniels:
mystery box,.05 2015 S PCGS 69 proof slabbed, foreign notes
Jeff Allen: 2015 S .25 set, Washington .25 albums
Ed Cranch: 2014 S set .25
Mike Carolan: coin books
Ken Hopple: RCC Copper medal
Clay Thomas: copper round
Milton angel: Mexican 50 pesos
Rusty King: mint bag

Rick DeAvila won 1946P .50 for $15, donated by Jerry Breedlove.

  Quarter Pot
Shannon Holmes won the quarter pot. About $20.


Upcoming Coin Shows

January 22-24, San Jose Coin Club Coin Show, Double Tree Hotel, 2050 Gateway Place,Tables:70, Admit: $4, Ray Johnson, 408 598-7772  www.sanjosecoinclub,org
January 29-31, Las Vegas Coin, Currency, Stamp Show, Orleans Hotel, 4500 W. Tropicana Ave., Israel Bick, 818 997-6496
Feb 4-6, Long Beach Coin, Currency, Stamps, & Sports Show, LB Convention Center, 100 S. Pine Ave.,  Admit: $8, Taryn Warrecker, 805 680-0294 www.
eb 12-13, Redwood Empire Coin Show, EL Finley Hall, Sonoma County Fairgrounds, 1350 Bennett Valley Rd., Santa Rosa, Tables:60 Admit: $2, Merle Avila, 707 585-3711, PM: 707 824-4811
Feb 20-21, SF Area Coin, Stamps, & Collectibles Show, S. SF Conference Center, 255 S. Airport Blvd.,  Admit: $4,Tables: 35. Scott Griffin, 415 601-8661 www.

RCC Officers
David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 677-7057
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Paul Williams…..........Director….......…720-5395
Joe Wozniak.............…Director…......…853-4223
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Shannon Holmes...........Director..............827–4359
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625
The RCC Board meets the 4th Tuesday of the month at Denny’s at
6:30 PM. Everyone is invited to attend

The Other Coin: Northern Black Sea Coins

I recently got Classical Numismatic Studies: An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus by David MacDonald. I have always liked lost kingdoms on the border
of civilizations, coins of Bactria, Celts, N. Africa, Silk Road, and the Middle East. The Northern Black Sea represents the mysterious North-East for Ancient Greece and Rome and the Byzantines
as well.
8th century BC resource poor Greece began to found trading colonies across the Mediterranean and by the 7th century BC around the Black Sea. The Greeks traded luxury goods of pottery,
wine, olive oil, textiles, and metal work for grain, wood, metals, slaves, leather, and dried fish. The Black Sea was the home of tales of Jason and the Argonauts, Theseus and the Amazons, and
Heracles encounters with griffins, Scythians, and Amazons.

Olbia was a colony of Miltetos founded in the 7th C. BC and one of the earliest to mint coins in the late 6th century BC, including cast coins in the shape of arrowheads and dolphins and more
traditional coins depicting Borysthenes, a river god, and bowcase and axe. Olbia was a trading center to the Scythians, who became hard pressed by the Samartians in the 5th c. BC, causing the
Greek city-states to unite into a kingdom, although each city-state continued to mint their own coins and did not name the first kings on the coins. There is no lettering on the earliest coins with a
facing lion’s head with different incuse reverses. These have not been attributed to particular cities yet. The cities proudly engraved their names on later issues.

Above left top are an early facing lion coin, a coin of Chersonesos with lion facing back and a later lion coin with barley ear and the city name XEPPO (Cherro).  In the middle is a gold coin with
Pan and a griffin and Pan and a bull with
PAN for Panticapeum, and a coin of Phanagoria FANAGORITW with Artemis and a deer and the city name in Greek. On the right is a gorgon and
anchor coin with an A for Apollonia,  and Athena with a bull with
QEODO for Theodosia, and a coin of Nympaeum with the head of a nymph and a grapevine and letters NYM. Must have been a
party town.
By the 3rd century BC individual kings such as Leucon II (c. 240-220 BC) issued coins with their name below with Athena and a thunderbolt.

Mithradates Eupator 132-63 BC expanded his Black Sea kingdom to Asia Minor, Greece and beyond challenging Rome. Sulla and Lucullus conquered him in the course of three wars with his
final retreat to his son’s Pharnaces army on the Black Sea, who killed him and submitted to Rome. Pharaces was in turn challenged by his governor Asander and with the support of Julius
Caesar, then Octavian became the founder of the Bosporus Kingdom that survived through the reign of Constantine and perhaps later in a reduced form until destroyed by the Goths, then the
Huns in the 5th century AD. Mithradates styled himself as a Hellenistic king and put his portrait on coins (stag reverse) as well as continued local city coinage. The short reigned Pharnaces
(Apollo reverse) did the same.

Asander (47-16 BC) also put his portrait on coins both gold and bronze, first with Nike, then with the ruling Roman emperor. Although city coinage and other designs occurred the double portrait
coins continued until the end of the Bosporus Kingdom’s coinage under Rheuscuporis VI 341-343 AD. The coins are also all dated.

Going clockwise we have a gold coin of Aspander with Nike, a coin of Eupator (154-171AD) with Antonius Pius (the letters below Antonius Pius are the date), which are off flan for the
Rheuscuporis VI coin with the portrait of Constantine on reverse and a coin of  Sauromates (93-124 AD) with value MH=48 on reverse and a crowned curule chair with shield and sword.
The conquering Goths minted their first coins on the northern Black Sea late 3rd AD in crude imitation of Roman coins. Constantine sought to restore order for the area that was still a bread
basket for Constantinople.

By the time of Theodosius II (402-459AD) the mint at Cherson (the old Chersonesos) was restored and continued through Romanus IV (1067-1071 AD). The coins were of unique design and
mostly cast rather than struck. On top are are cast coin of Justin I (518-527 AD) bust right, stands with chi-ro scepter and Latin inscription Victor, Justin II (565-578 AD) stands with empress
Sophia and inscription Cherson XEPCWNOC (Chersonesos), the C being an S sound and son Tiberius II on reverse. (Some attribute these coins to Maurice Tiberius.) Below are Leo VI (886-
912 AD)
LE or LE for Leo with cross reverse. Basil II (976-1025 AD) with a monogram of BACL for Basil and DECPT for despot or king.

It is unlikely that any of the succeeding Russian rulers minted coins at Cherson, but Mstislav 1076-1132 may have minted coins on the nearby Taman Peninsula. The coins are so rare than most
believe they were medals and not currency. They are crude copies of Byzantine coins.

The Genoese allied with Byzantine emperor Michael VIII (1261-1282) to throw out the Venetians, who had sacked and destroyed Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade in 1204. (
at St. Marks in Venice is Byzantine loot.
) The Byzantine emperor ceded Theodosia on the Black Sea to Genoa, which they called Kaffa, in 1261 and they maintained the colony until lost to the
Ottomans in 1475. Trade from China and the Mongols passed through this port making the Genoese rich and able to compete with the Venetians in trade. War with the Tartars in 1324 lead to the
Mongols catapulting plague ridden bodies into Kaffa. Fleeing Genoese brought the Black Death to Italy when they fled home. Kaffa minted coins on the Mongol standard of small silver asper with
the castle and Latin inscription on the obverse and an Arabic inscription and tamgha of Ulugh Muhammed on the reverse. This one 1412-1425 AD. The remnants of the Golden Horde

settled in the Crimea as the Giray or Crimea khans and began minting coins in 1420, continuing as an independent region until 1783. Above are akces of Mengli I (1478-1515 AD) with a tamgha
on reverse and mint (Kaffa) and date on coin (899AH=1494AD) on obverse and Nur Dawlat (1466-1476), also with tamgha and mint (Krim) and date (871AH= 1466AD). Finally, Russia invaded
the Crimea in 2014 and has given us two new coins where they celebrate their invasion and Crimean Russian Republic.

                                                                                                                                                        Numismatically yours, David Elliott

Numismatic Potpourri
The Mark Twain $5 gold went on sale, the proof is already unavailable, the uncirculated 90% gold 8.359 grams or ½ ounce of gold is selling for $359. The silver $1 coin does not have a date
yet, but is priced at $46.95. Evidently, the certificate of authenticity got the title of one of Mark Twain’s book wrong and had to be reprinted.
UK 2016 commemorative 50 penny coins
includes Beatrix Potter, 3 Shakespeare coins, fire of London, WWI and Battle of Hastings.



An undated Roosevelt dime struck on a 6-penny nail realized $42,300 in Heritage’s FUN Auction in Tampa. There are five other coins struck on nails over the years. Guess the minters get
Canada continues its face value .999 silver coin with a T-Rex


Perth mint in Australia offers an opal monkey and colored monkey for the year of the monkey along with Valentine, wedding, birth, and commemorative coins of the 1 and 2 penny decimal
coins along with Snugglepot Cuddlepie.



The 2016 quarter designs are different this year with more people and buildings. Mr. Coleman, from Southampton, was taking part in a dig in the Padbury area on 21 December when he found
5,251 coins depicting the heads of kings Ethelred the Unready and Canute. The coins are in near mint state and worth more than a million pounds. Evidently, China is making the
Isis coins.
It is unclear if they are making them for Isis or just counterfeits. The San Francisco Mint struck nearly 2.5 million Barber dimes in 1893 but just 24 of them in 1894. Eight or nine of
those 24 are known to exist today, according to Heritage.
The finest known 1894S sold in January at the FUN auction for 1.9 million.

April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
May2013-Elymais Coins
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 852-8822
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
SF set of all five 2013, 2014, 2015 quarters in case $5
National Park Quarters  PDS .50        
Presidential, Native American  D P $1.25
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
205 Nugget Ave. Sparks, NV
by Holiday Inn, across Hwy 80 from
Western Village
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Dues are Due,
$15 January 1
Dues are Due,
$15 January 1
King Leucon
Dec2015-3 Wiseman