Next Meeting:
Tuesday, 22nd of November 7 PM
(4th Tuesdays now)                               
Denny’s,205 Nugget Ave.(at East McCarran), Sparks

October 28-29 Dollar Exchange at NV State Museum. Press is running, It’s the 75th anniversary of the Museum and NV Day!. Please join us.

November 22 Coins: The Beginning David Elliott

December 27 Minibourse, Nominations

January 23 Dinner, Election, and Movie

The Last Meeting
25 members were wowed by the Joe Dimaggio autograph ball Rusty brought that he got when he was in junior high. A lot of other people were watching the world series, I guess. Ken and
I saw hundreds of people and kids on NV Day
and for the 75th anniversary of the museum. A new medal was struck with the museum, mammoth and basket (see below). Milton Angel and
Jerry Breedlove helped man the table and several other members visited. We all got 75th anniversary cake. There was even a brass band. 600 pencils and rulers with magnifying glass went fast,
and we were able to give class sets to four teachers as well (pictures below).
Please bring me your club envelope as I would like the cancelled US Star Trek stamp I especially need the
red and green ones.
 I have just a few Reagan dollars, no rolls, but still got Johnson, Ford, NA, and Nixon dollars. Fort Moultrie park .25 is out November 14, so iffy if available for November
club meeting. Will try.
Bring up to 5 coins for the bid board now. We will have board meetings before regular meeting and vigorously tell people to be quiet so we can conduct
business
. Contact me about  concerns or suggestions 815-8625 or datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  New member Charles Smith makes rings out of coins to order. See them at coinbender.com
Ordered a copper coin club ring for myself for $30. Should have it for November club meeting. Finished the 1784 German book on US revolution. It was great!









Early Bird Prize was set of 2012 Native American dollars won by Laurel Hoggah              Teddy Roosevelt Park, Reagan dollar, and Code Talkers are here. 2015 S sets made.

Raffle prizes winners were:

Gary Meckler: set 2013 NA dollars, 1965 mint set,
1927 standing liberty .25
Bart Daniels: 2014S .25 set
Ken Hopple: chocolate coins, 1984 mint set, Mercury .10,
Tom Charleton: 2004 proof .05 mystery box, WWII nickel set
Milton Angel: 1945 .50, 2016 .01 and blank
McKayla Barton: 2009 penny set
Charles Benyak 2015 .25 set, copper RCC medal, key chain and magnet
Rose Moratti prsidential dollar
Jerry Breedlove 1926S .01, coin holders
David Elliott: Jefferson .05 album with some .05
Christine Barton: set of blue books
Gary Dahlke: mint bags

    
  Auctions
Gary Dahlke won 1784 US history book donated by Robert Rodriguez for $22
Rick DeAvila won silver eagle donated by Larry Demangate for $20

   
 Quarter Pot
Clayton Brownell (not present) won the quarter pot.
                          

I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE WHO DONATES TO THE RAFFLE! (
Fred Holabird donated a number of books and coin boxes coming to the raffle soon.)

Upcoming Coin Shows

November 19-20, Marin County Coin Show, 4 Points Sheraton Hotel, 1010 Northgate Dr.,San Rafael Admit:$4,Tables: 28, Scott Griffin, 415 601-8661 scott@griffincoin.com  
www.griffincoin.com


December 2-4, Las Vegas Coin, Currency Stamp Show, Gold Coast Hotel, Admit:?, Tables: ?, Israel Bick, 818 997-6496 iibick@sbcglobal,net   

December 4, Sacramento Coin Show, Lions Gate Hotel, 3410 Westover St., Admit:$2,Tables: 66, Peter McIntosh, 916 317-9055 peter@mcintoshcoins.com   www.sacramentocoinshow.com  

December 9-11, Las Vegas Numismatic Society Coin Show, Westgate Resorts and Hotel, 3000 Paradise Road, Admit:?, Tables: ?, CK Shows, 888 330-5188 info@ckshows.com   www.
ckshows.com


RCC Officers

David Elliott….......... President….......…815-8625
Rusty King..............Vice President......... 677-7057
Doug Larson............Past President..........843-0162
Gerald Breedlove........Treasurer..............425-2967
Andre Azzam ..............Secretary….........338-0707
Paul Williams…..........Director….......…720-5395
Joe Wozniak.............…Director…......…853-4223
Ken Hopple ....…..........Director..............677-1544
Shannon Holmes...........Director..............827–4359
Paul Williams…..........ANA Rep.............720-5395
David Elliott...................Editor................815-8625

datbbelliotts@prodigy.net  www.renocoinclub.org


The Other Coin: The Beginning

The center of the display case of ancient coins I take to the museum has a selection of shells and cast coins made before the Lydians learned how to purify gold and silver and make
round coins in descending denominations. I also show the stages of manufacturing ancient coins. Recreation of Sardis refining process: production of foils (lower left), cementation in




































ovens and cooking pots with salt and urine to separate gold from silver (top), and cupellation, separating silver from other metals at very high temperatures in the ground aided by
bellows (1100 degrees centigrade, bottom) . Denomination of gold and silver in base 12 with ½, 1/3,1/6, 1/24, 1/48,1/96.
Before metal was used for coins, shells were used for small change and strung together for larger denomination; at least, since Sumerian times, 6000 BC. The favorite shell was the
cowrie that came in different sizes and was made from clay, bone and cast bronze as well. Gold and silver was traded as currency in the form of jewelry, but also as lumps, wire, and
bars of metal (see 1200BC Egyptian hoard with mina bar below). The bars were called minas or talents, other denomination like the sheqel, stater, or karsa were measures of weight.
The hoard of silver from the time of Abraham (c.1700BC) in pot below would have been weighed by scales as so much sheqel or talent weight. This is why there are so many verses
about honest weights and measures in the Bible.
Abraham weighed out for Ephron the silver that he had named in the hearing of the Hittites, four hundred shekels of silver,
according to the weights current among the merchants
. (Genesis 23:16)














The early Romans had little access to gold and silver, so when the Greeks in Sicily and southern Italy were making masterpieces of coinage in all metals, the Romans made lumps and
bars of bronze for currency from the 8th to 4th BC called
Aes rude and then cast in shapes Aes formatum from 5th to 3rd BC like a scallop shell or with images on rounds and bars
Aes signatum from the 4th to 3rd BC














Roman coinage recapitulated the evolution of coinage in several societies going from shells (cattle in the case of Romans) to lumps of metal to molded metals. Celts created shapes of
wheels, beads, rings, and bells; Greeks created arrowheads and dolphins; and the Chinese created cast metal cowries, fish, bells, knives and hoes among other shapes before the cash
coin with a square center. Some shaped coins were used as higher denominations, all with holes for stringing together.
















The Lydians began minting purified gold and silver coins by weighing out lumps of metal and then using a hammer to smash the lump into an image engraved in an anvil. The Greeks and
Persians added an image to the hammer and struck planchettes made in molds, so a nicer, flatter, more uniform coin was produced with two images instead of an image and a punch
mark. Coins as we know them flooded the world and greatly increased trade and convenience. We have the ancient coins because there were no banks, so the coins were hidden in
pots in the ground that are now dug up.


















Numismatically yours, David Elliott

Numismatic Potpourri

Nevada Day was spectacular with the press running and minting a new medal (state seal on the reverse), 75th anniversary of the museum with cake and new things to give away. Hundreds of
adults and children were there.


























Elsewhere, coins have gone crazy. Canada not satisfied with glass beads on everything is now putting sculptures on a set of wildlife coins and not to be beat Nieu made
volcano coins
with a ball of lava or shaped as Mount Vesuvius with engraved Pompeian artwork.













Austria is content with a glow in the dark bat coin for its new animal series. We are making sensible coins like the one for Boys Town, the ATB quarters, and the 2017 and
2018














NA  dollars.










Jeff Shevlin sold 1 of 9 gold Eire Canal medals for $135,000. I remember when he brought in a silver one. England is commemorating the Battle of Hastings in gold and
silver.























Knights' Gold tells the story of how two boys in 1934 Baltimore unearthed a pot filled with 5,000 gold coins. New and startling evidence now links the coins to the Knights of the
Golden Circle, a Confederate secret society hoping to put an end to the Lincoln presidency.
Canada’s Sesquicentennial coins above. Favored design for 2017 gold liberty
medal
.
April2011-1st Spouses in Bronze
Ancient Coins in US History,
In God We Trust
March2011-Cartwheel Goes Digital
2010 Reno Cartwheels
Feb2011- Cupid & Psyche
Jan2011-2 Roman Quinarii
Back Issues
May 2011: Copper Bullion?
June2011-Notgeld
July2011-Coins of Cyprus
August 2011-Coins of
Alexander the Great
Sept2011-Late Roman Bronzes
Oct2011-National Park Quarters
Nov2011-Arabic & Ottoman Coins
Dec2011:Snakes on Ancient Coins
Jan2012-Al Shay In memoriam
Feb2012-Republican Coins
March2012-Olympic coins
April2012-Tour of Medallic Arts
May 2012 ANA 2012:
Cowries to
Credit Card, from
Bullion to Fiat Money
June2012-WWII coins
July2012-CarsonCoinPress
Aug2012-CanadianCoins
Sept2012-California Gold
Oct2012-US Mint medals
Nov2012-US Inaugural Medals
Dec2012-Electrum Coins
Jan2013-Counterfeit
Gold coins
Feb2013-Silk Road Coins
March2013-Great Patriotic
of Wars Russia in Coins
April2013-NCW2013buffalos
May2013-Elymais Coins
June2013-Philoktetes
July2013-Origin of Dollar
Aug 2013 Constantine
Adventus Aug
Sept2013-NV & CO Coin Trip
Oct2013-Cleopatra coins
Nov2013-Monstrous coins
Fred Holabird reminds everyone that the club’s large library is housed by
him at 3555 Airway Drive #308 (around back as Holabird Americana).
Call 851-1859
Dec2013-Crusader coins
Jan 2014-Euros
Feb2014-Lincoln Penny
March2014-Leto coin
April2014-So-called Dollars
SF set of all five 2013, 2014, 2015 quarters in case $5
National Park Quarters  PDS .50        
Presidential, Native American  D P $1.25
May 2014-Kennedy Halves
June 2014-WWII Coins
July 2014-Ancient Cast coinage
August 2014-E. European coins
Sept 2014-Roman enemies on coins
Oct 2014-Old Coin Press#1
Nov2014-LaVere Redfield
Dec2014-Vietnamese Coins
Jan2015:The Four Wisemen
Feb 2015 Pompei Magnus
March3015 Richard II
& English coins
April2015-Reagan Dollar
205 Nugget Ave. Sparks, NV
by Holiday Inn, across Hwy 80 from
Western Village
May2015-Shapur I & Sparadokos
June2015-CCAC
July 2015-Roman Coins in India
Aug 2015-Persis, Elymais, Parthia
Sept2015-US 20 cent
Oct2015-German Coins
Nov2015-HolyRomanEmperors
Dec2015-3 Wiseman
Jan2016-N.Black Sea coins
Feb2016-Rape of Persephone
March2016-Coins at NY museums
April2016-Liberty on coins
May2016-Cyprus Coins
June 2016-Olympia bronze
July 2016-Medals
August2016-Anaheim World Fair
of Money review
Sept2016-Treasures found
at World Fair of Money
Oct2016-Presidential dollars