Coins of
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1. Coins of India, mother Teresa, Kali
2. Gold jewelry 200-500BC– clothing ornaments and rings
3. India 500BC–Persia Emipre and India city States
4. 500-300BC–Punch marked coins, bars, squares, and sometimes round
5. Taxila, 11.2 grams, 600-350BC
6. Janapandas, 1.6 grams, pre-Mauryan, pre-300BC
7. Janapandas–elephant, tree, 2 same designs
8. Janapandas-bow with 2 different designs both sides of bow
9.Alexander in India, pushed further than Persian Empire, map of A.’s Empire
10. Battle Alexander and Porus
11. Coin, tetradrachm–Obverse, Alexander as Zeus with lightning bolt, Persian helm, Macedonian sword
and armor Nike crowns
12. Reverse Mounted Alexander attaccks fleeing Porus and drive on elephant
13. Mauryan Empire, 320-180BC
14. Mauryan Empire Map 250BC
Chandragupta Maurya first defeated the Nanda Dynasty of the Magaha Kingdom, proably revolting as a
mercenary general leading a mixture of northern troops including Scythians, Greeks, Nepalese,
Bactrians. Gaining the kingdom , he marched West and south, uniting India and defeated the satraps left
behind by Alexander.
15. Capitol of pillar of Ashoka’s palace, emblem of modern India
16. Statue of Buddha from Ashoka’s time, promoted Buddhism
17. Temple, Sanchi stuppa from Ashoka’s time, sheltering relics of Buddha.
18. Ashoka, Ashoka Maurya (273 - 236 BCE)
19. Carving with Ashoka, note dharma wheel
20. Indian dress at time of Ashoka
21. Ashoka’s army
22. Punch marked coins from time of Ashoka–note “star”
23. bronze of Ashoka
24. Ashoka coin with tree, “star,” design, horse, hippogryph
25. Bactria, 280-10BC–kingdom of the Greeks
26. Eukratides gold medallion (huge gold twenty-stater c. 169.6 grams), 171-145BC, in                            
Macedonian helmet
27. Dioscuri
28. Demetrius, tetradrachm, in elephant headdress, 200-180BC
29. Heracles standing
30. Elephant head
31. Caduceus of Hermes
Demetrius in 180BC successfully invaded India after the Mauryan Empire was destroyed by the Sunga
Empire, capturing must of Northwest India.
32. Square drachm, elephant, humped bull, Apollodotos–Greek and Karthothi, 180-169BC
33. Aziles drachm, 65-45BC, mounted in scale armor, like a Scythian
34. Sunga Empire, 180-73BC–Eastern India, little recorded history
35. Sunga carving, dharma wheel , chariot
36. Sunga statues–note large breast, wasp waist of yaksa, nature spirit, typical of Indian carvings.
37. mother and child carving
38. Cast bronze, 2nd-1st BC, elephant +3, mountain, tree, cross
39. Satavahana Empire 200BC-250AD–feudatories of Mauryan Empire gain independence and spread
Hinduism and Buddhism to Southeast Asia, Buddha understood as a avatar of Vishnu.
40. carving
41. king and queen with attendants
42. bronze with swastika, 1st BC-1st AD
43. bronze with horse
44.Ujjain 3rd BC-3rdAD–A major city state in central India contested by many empires
45. Mahakal Temple, Temple of Shiva
46. Statue of Shiva
47. Under Satavahana’s symbol of cross of 4 circles, Shiva
48. Bronze with bull, rev. crosses, tree,
49. Kushan Empire, 2nd BC-3rd AD–The Kushan Empire established itself on the ruins of Bactria,
beginning to invade in the with Yuezhi and Scythians in the late 2nd BC and conquering the area at the
turn of the millenia, expanding their empire into India in the mid 2nd AD. They accepted and promoted
both Buddhist and Hindu deities, but also depicted Greek and Persian, along with a few of their own gods.
50. Kushan wariors
51. Kushan king and queen, defeated below, victory above
52. Courtesan with child and attendants.
53. Gold dinar, Vima Kadphises, 110-128AD, bust Shiva
54. Gold Dinar, Kanishka 128-154AD, first appearance of Buddha on coin.
55. Soter Megas, bronze, 55-105AD
56.Vima Kadphises 105-130 AD, standing, Shiva and bull
57. Huvishka, 158-195AD, king on elephant, Kushan god stands
58. Western Kshatrapas 1st-4th AD–A Scythian Empire in India until defeated by the Guptas
59. Detail of lintel with elephants
60. Scythian-Kshatrapas warriors
61. AR ruler head right, mountain reverse.
62. Yaudheyas 3rd BC-4th AD–An Indian city state, Kushan dominated, but gaining independence by 3rd
63. Bronze coin imitating Kushan but consistently with Hindu gods, here Kartikeya, Shivas eldest son and
war god, Mao (?) Moon god of Kushans
64. bronze goddess, bull
65. The Gupta Empire 300-500AD– The Golden Age of Indian/Hindu Culture
66. Khajuraho Temple with erotic images
67. Gupta carving
68. Gupta carving
69. Gupta carving
70. Samudragupta, gold dinar, King sacrificing at altar/Laxmi (goddess of wealth and beauty, fertility)
sitting, 335-370AD
71. Changragupta and queen Kumardevi, gold dinar/Goddess Durga (mother goddess, upholder of
moral order) seated on lion, minted by above
72. Changragupta II 375-414AD, gold dinar, king hunts lion with bow, Durga seated on lion
73. Post-Gupta India 600-1200 AD–No Empire replaced the Gupta after the invasion of the Huns. India
once again became a country of city states.
74. Three cultural areas of the Gujarit Pratihari influenced by Persia, the Palas influenced by the Sungas
and the Rashtrakutas, influenced by the Guptas.
75. Tiruvaiyaru Temple
76. Gurjarit, AR, drachm, 950-1050AD, stylized Sassanian bust
77. Stylized fire altar
78. Pratihara, AR, drachm, 750-1000AD, stylized Sassanian bust
79. Stylized fire altar
80. Shai, AR jital, 850-1000AD, horseman, bull
81. Govina, gold stater, 1114-1154AD, Laxmi seated/name of king Govindchandra
82.Ghaznavid Empire 963-1187AD– A Turkic Mamluk Empire of Northern India consolidating Muslim
encroachment into India.
83. Ghazni minaret
84. Ghazni court
85. Ghazni warrior
86. Ghazni AR dirhem, Mahmud 971-1030AD
87. Delhi Sultanate 1206-1320AD–Muslim dynasties ruled at first Northern India and then extended rule
to all but the southern tip of India.
88. Tomb of Tughalaq Dynasty
89. Muslim architectue-geometric
90. Dehli sultans–Battle of Panipat
91. AE fals of Balban 1287-1290AD
92. Silver Gani Tughalaq, 1318
93. reverse
94. AE falls Mohammed III, 1316-1320
95. Mughal Empire 1526-1725AD–
96. Mughal warrior
97. Map of expansion of Mughal Empire–Muslim Timurid Dynasty that rule most of India
98. Taj Mahal
99. Mughal procession and warriors
100. Copper of Akbar the Great, 1605-1628
101. Shah Jahan, gold tanka, 1628-1658, builder of the Taj Mahal
102. Balban, 1266-1287AD, Gold Tanka, minted at Delhi
103. Jahangir, 1605-1627 AD, Gold Mohur Obverse: Turbaned bust of Jahangir with radiate head,
holding a wine goblet in right hand, within inner dotted circle, legend around, Rev: A lion to right
surmounted by sun, the legend and year
104. Vijayanagar Empire 1336-1646AD Southern India Hindu Empire contended with Delhi
105. Balakrishna Temple–Hindu (child krishna)
106. Sadashiva Raya, (AD 1543-70). Gold Fanams, Seated Siva and LaxmiVishnu and Lakshmi
107. Vijayanagar. Achutaraya, 1529-1542 AD. ½ Pagoda. AV 1.68 g. Two-headed mythical bird holding
four elephants: Gandabhairunda. Rev. Nagari legend Sri Pratapachuta Raya.
Krishnadevaraya, 1509-1529 AD. ½ Pagoda. gold. Seated Balakrishna flanked by conch shell and
chakra. Rev. Legend Sri Pratapa Krishna Raya.
108. The Maratha Confederacy, 1674-1818 map-- The Hindu Maratha Confederacy consolidated itself
after Aurangzeb's death in 1707 AD. Their military successes saw them overrun most of India by 1738
AD. The Marathas were set to be the only power in India to take on the Imperial mantle and build an
Indian empire.
109. map 1680
110. map 1798
111. Brihadisvara Temple to Siva
112. Maratha warrior
113. AR half rupee, Shah Alamgir II, 1754-1759–in Arabic
114. Copper, ½ paisa 18th century
115. reverse-Hindu
116. Princely India–after 1818
117. Golden Temple
118. Princely procession
119. Various coins of some 500 princely states
120. Baroda, copper 2 paisa, 1888
121. reverse
122. Bundi, ½ paisa, 1902 (George V)
123. reverse
124. Gwalior, copper , 1/4 anna, 1901
125. reverse
126. Hyperabad, AR, 2 annas, 1911
127. reverse
128. Mysore, copper, conch, 5 cash, 18th century
129. Mysore, copper, 2 cash, letter, 1672-1704
130. reverse
131. Mewar, 1/4 anner, 1942
132. reverse
133. Kutch, silver kori, 1936 in name of Edward VIII.
134. reverse
135. Travancore, gold fanam, 18th century-Kali
136. Europeans Colonies in India map
137. Portugese Colonies map–1498-1962
138. Portugese Church of St. Marys in Damao
139. Joao III, Tin ½ bazaruco, Armillary sphere, 1521-1567
140. rev. cross
141. Dutch in India, 1602-1795, ships
142. copper cash, 1600's, VOC, N above
143. reverse Tamil inscription
144. Dutch East india 1780, copper, 1 duit
145. Danes in India, fort at Tranquebar, 1620-1845
146. Danish colonial soldiers
147. Christian V monogram ,copper 2 cash, rev. crowned DOC, (16) 93
148. British East India Map, 1600-1949
149 British in India
150. British in India
151. British East India Company, 1808, copper, 2 pice, emblem of EIC–hammered
152. reverse scales.
153. 4 pice milled
154. 1/4 anna, copper, 1835
155. British India
156. Brits in India
157. Queen Victoria silver ruppee
158 reverse 1840
159. George V , 1936, CN
160. reverse 2 anna
161. George VI
162. 2 annas 1946
163. French India map, 1664-1949
164. French and British battle, 18th C.
165. copper doudou, 1836, Rooster
166. copper doudou, fleur de lys, 1720-1835
167. reverse
168. Modern India 1949-
169. 1990 map of India, CN
170. 2 rupees lion capitol
171.  Ghandi, village industries, CN
172 5 rupees, lion capitol