TITLE: IMAGE OF CHRIST AS INFLUENCED BY BYZANTINE COINS

2. Composite pictures—many faces of Christ:
NT-Mt New Moses
                                                      Mk-miracle working messiah
                                                      Lk- Saviour-
SWTEROS
                                                      John LOGOS
                                                    Paul- Redeemer
                                                     John of the Apocalypse—
Qeokrater

II. THE GOOD SHEPHERD
 Shepherd of Hermas-100’s-300’s-catacombs & sarcophagi
3.        Catacombs—good shepherd Dura Europe 100’s
4.        Fresco-200’s
5.        Fresco-300’s   ALL SMOOTH FACED, LIGHT SKINNED ROMANS
6.         sarcophagus 300’s                         OR GREEKS
7.        mosaic Ravenna c.450
8.        statue 370-375
III. OTHER EARLY DEPICTIONS-DIONYSUS, APOLLO, A ROMAN
9.        Dionysus—Santa Constanza-300’s
10.         Dionysus—300’s
11.         Apollo mosaic 200’s tomb
12.         Roman last supper catacombs 300’s
13.         teacher sarcophagus 359AD
14.         Mandyloin or Veronica’s Veil (Edessa 1st AD?)
15.         copy-Russian c.1175
16.         Shroud of Turin
IV. CONSTANTINE & MOTHER HELENA—EARLY CHURCHES & RELICS
17.         Constantine and Helene—modern Greek       
18.         Helena by Conegliana c. 1495               TRUE CROSS, NAILS, CHURCHES
19.         coins and reverse (peace, PAX)            AT EACH IMPORTANT
20.         obverse                                                 SITE-CRUC., GRAVE, JORDAN,
                                                           BETHLEHEM, MT. SINAI, etc.

V. ANTIOCH AND ST. LUKE AND JUSTINIAN THE GREAT
21.         Thetis mosaic-Antioch-300’s       PAUL,BARNABUS, 1ST CALLED XIAN
22.         St. Luke painting, Guercino, 1652      
23.         Justinian mosaic 500’s                     EARTHQUAKES 526,528 & FLOODS
24.         detail
25.         coined-enthroned Antioch
26.         facing
27.         facing right
28.         rev.—QEOPOLIS
VI. BYZANTINE IMAGES OF CHRIST-BEFORE & AFTER ICONOCLASTS
AND ISLAM OF 630-700                                                
29.         Christ Pantokrater –Pisa 1300’s
30.         Athens, 1090
31.         Sicily 1200
32.         long haired gold Justinian II c.690
33.         short haired, gold Justinian 705
34.         detail
35.         short haired mosaic Ravenna 500’s
36.         painting 500’s Italy
37.         Icon Russian 1450
38.         Russian icon Rublev 1425
39.         1812 X with gospels, Jesus, K. of Kings, c.989
40.         1818 same Emmanuel—God with us, c.975
41.         1823 same/cross c.1035
42.         1825 X-Emmanuel stands, cross IC-XC, NI-KA, c.1035
43.         1836 X enthroned/ IS XS BASILE BASIL, c.1050
44.         1853 X stands with gospels/Eudocia & ConstantineX c.1060
45.         1854 X-Emmanuel, benediction, gospels/ConstantineX c.1060
46.         1855 X with gospels IS XS BASLE BASIL, c.1060
47.         1856 X on throne, benediction, gospels/ same, c.1060
48.         1865o X with gospels NI-KA, c1070
49.         1865 r cross C (Constantine) R (rex)/P (Romaion)  D(ecpoth)
50.         1866 X/Virgin c.1070
51.         1878 x BENEDICITON AND GOSPELS/Michael VII c.1075
52.         1880 same/patriarchal cross c.1075
53.         1888 X standing/ cross C(onstantine) F(ocas)N(ikeforus)D(ecpoth), c.1080
54.         same
55.         1900 same/cross with crescent c.1110
56.         1901 X/ Virgin orans
57.         1906 Virgin with infant X/ Alexius I c.1110
58.         1929  X/Alexius I  c.1110
59.         1945 X stands/John II c.1135
60.         1953 X/ John II
61.         1981 X benediction and scroll/Manuel I c.1160
62.         2013 trachy Same/ Alexius III and St. Constantine c.1200
63.        GOLD- 1815 X benediction and gospels/Constantine VIII c.1025
64.         1819 X enthroned benediction and gospels/Romanus III & Virgin, c.1030
65.         1824 same/ Michael IV bust c.1040
66.         1832 same
67.         1833 same
68.         1830 X benediction and gospels/Constantine IX c.1050
69.         1826 X enthroned b. & gospels/Archangel Michael and Michael, c.1041
70.         1837 X stands with gospels/Theodoar and Virgin, c.1055
71.         1838 Bust of X/Theodora bust, c. 1055
72.         1843 X enthroned/Isaac II, c.1057
73.         1848 X enthroned/ Virgin and Constantine X, c.1060
74.         1857 X enthroned b.& g./Eudocia center, Michael & Constantine,c.1067
75.        1860 X crowns Eudocia & Romanus/ Michael, Constantine, Andronikos,c.
1070
76.         1868 Bust of X benedictionand gospels/Michael VII bust, c.1075
77.         1948 X enthroned benediction and gospels/Virgin and john II, c.1130
78.         1956 Beardless X benediction and scroll/Manuel stands c.1160
79.         1957 same
80.         1965 Virgin with infant X/ Manuel c. 1160
81.         SILVER- 1822 Virgin and X/Romanus III, c. 1030
82.         2402-Christ enthroned/Andronikos II and Michael IX, c.1300
83.         2472 X enthroned/St. Demetrius and Andronikos III, c. 1340
84.         2587o Virgin enthroned, infant Christ
85.         2587r  Christ enthroned, c. 1280-1350
86.         2551 Bust of X/Manuel II c.1420
87.         2563 Bust of X/Bust of John VIII c.1448
VII. NEIGHBORS IMITATIONS
88.         X enthroned/Ivan and Michael Asen, Bulgaria Ivan Alexander, c.1340
89.         X enthroned/Bela II and IV-Hungary, c.1180
90.         X (Peter) with cross/ “Lord Help your Servant”, Tancred, Sicily, c.1190
91.         X enthroned/Roger II, Sicily c.1140
92.         X/Arabic-same
93.         O-Virgin and Child
94.         R-REX W, William I, Sicily, c.1160
95.         X enthroned/Doge and St. Mark, Venice, Jacopo Tiepolo, c.1230
Christ on Coins
by Doug Smith
Christ on
Coins, You tube
Jesus on
Coins
This image of Christ as
Dionysos did not come
out well on film and is
included here.
Article: Changing Image of
Christ as Ibnfluenced by
Byzantine Coins
See Notes
below